Rationale: It is often useful to change I/O attributes without disconnecting a unit that may be connected to an unnamed pipe (common with standard I/O units). This is currently supported when issuing an OPEN command with matching UNIT and FILE values, but only for a limited set of properties. For example, it can be useful to set standard-input to a non-default text ENCODING, or set ACCESS=‘STREAM’. It is reasonable to extend the set of modifiable I/O properties only for connected units that have not yet transferred any data.
Often, standard I/O units are unnamed. For those units, re-OPEN should accept FILE=‘’, or possibly no FILE specifier.
Jason Blevins, 20 July 2010: I think being able to re-open pre-connected units such as stdio to use stream I/O is very important. This would make writing Unix-style text filters much more natural. There was some discussion about this on comp.lang.fortran last year in the following threads:
The descriptions below are for the standard input unit. Similar behaviors occur for the standard output and error units.
For many Fortran compilers, and INQUIRE on INPUT_UNIT returns the unit as unnamed. Many return the dummy filename “stdin”, which is generally a bad convention because “stdin” is also a valid filename. In both cases, there is no proper way to issue a re-open on a standard I/O unit, unless the default filename for INPUT_UNIT does not follow the normal convention of “fort.5”.
Intel Fortran seems to handle standard I/O units the best. It returns actual tty names where possible. However, when tty names are not available, it returns “stdin”, which is really incorrect.
The default unit is typically
" where number is the logical UNIT number. Intel Fortran defines the default file for UNIT=INPUT_UNIT to always be stdin, rather than a named file. This is the best way to support re-opening standard I/O units without any Standards modifications. This does not completely solve the problem for extended re-open attributes, because some forms of I/O may be interrupted by explicitly closing the unit first.
When an OPEN is issued with INPUT_UNIT and no FILE specifier, Intel Fortran will attempt to open or re-open stdin. This can be used to re-open stdin with modified attributes, including ACCESS=‘STREAM’. However, there is currently that causes STREAM I/O to fail for all pipe/tty devices (reported; hopefully fixed soon.)
GFortran always returns “stdin” for standard input. (This may change, at least for tty devices.) You can re-open the connected stdin by not giving a FILE= specifier. It does not accept FILE=‘’. Once stdin has been closed, this behaves as FILE=‘fort.5’, creating an empty fort.5 file if it does not yet exist.
INQUIRE returns stdin as unnamed. Reopening works as in GFortran, with UNIT=INPUT_UNIT and FILE= unspecified.
Behaves generally the same as G77.