the number of digits to the right of the decimal point

e

the number of digits in the exponent

Data Type

Edit Descriptors

integer

Iw

Iw.m

real

Decimal form

Fw.d

Exponential form

Ew.d

Ew.dEe

Scientific form

ESw.d

ESw.dEe

Engineering form

ENw.d

ENw.dEe

logical

Lw

character

A

Aw

Positioning

Horizontal

nX

Tabbing

Tc

TLc, TRc

Vertical

/

Others

Grouping

r(....)

Format Scanning Control

:

Sign Control

S, SP, SS

Blank Control

BN, BZ

Fortran edit descriptors

Integer Editing

Integer values may be formatted using the i edit descriptor which has two forms: ‘iw’ and ‘iw.m’. In the first form, w specifies the width and in the second, m specifies the minimum number of digits to output. For example, the integer 37 printed using the edit descriptor ‘i5’ will appear as bbb37 and when printed using i5.3 it will appear as bb037 (where b denotes a blank).

Real Editing

The F, E, EN, ES, D, and G edit descriptors are used for editing real and complex items, with two such descriptors being required for each complex item. For input, all of the six descriptors are equivalent. For output, the E, EN, and ES descriptors produce both decimal and exponent parts. They differ in the number of digits written to the left of the decimal with E writing none, ES (scientific) writes one, and EN (engineering) writing one to three, such that the exponent is divisible by three. The F descriptor, on the other hand, writes a fixed number of digits without an exponent field. D is interchangeable with E. G will automatically choose between F and E.

Minimal field width editing

In Fortran 95 and later, the I, F, B, O, and Z edit descriptors may be specified with a width of zero in order to use as little space as possible. This will prevent leading blank space before numbers, but it will also protect against overflow caused by a field width that is too narrow (which normally results in a string of asterisks being printed).

Revised on September 13, 2010 16:12:21
by Jason Blevins
(128.146.137.198)
(3556 characters / 1.0 pages)