Fortran has a long history. Many other programming languages have come and gone over the life of Fortran. Part of this success is that Fortran has avoided the temptation of implementing new programming concepts. Unfortunately, the resistance to change has also been responsible for Fortran’s diminishing user base over the last 20 years. Fortran 2003 and 2008 fix the most glaring deficiencies, such as standardized C interoperability and better string support. But is it too late to prevent Fortran’s demise?